Chad is a country which relies heavily on the export of oil and gas, however the majority of citizens lack an adequate cooking fuel. Wood and coal charcoal are the only sources of fuel for 90% of the urban population, and 100% of the rural population. The cities are particularly effected and vulnerable to the lack of viable alternatives. In attempt to reduce the exploitation of wood and coal charcoal, ENVODEV-TChad has created two types of improved cooking stoves.
These cook-stoves are made primarily with recycled materials such as empty paint and milk cans. However, there are also some non-recycled materials used like iron rebar which form a grill for the charcoal to sit on. Compacted clay and sand are used to provide an insulating barrier which improves the efficiency of the stoves. The stoves have a number of advantages which include: directing heat more efficiently which reduces cooking time, reducing heat loss which reduces the amount of charcoal used, and reducing the potential for burns thus increasing the safety for the user. All together, these advantages contribute to the protection of the environment because of the reduced need for fuel which decreases the rate of deforestation and desertification. Since 2014 until the present, more than 1,300 improved cook-stoves have been produced and are being used.
Two years later in 2016, we have developed a new model of cook-stove called “Am-al Yaal” (ام العيال) which means “mother’s children”. These new cook-stoves serve the same purpose as the old models however can be used with both charcoal and wood. ENVODEV-TChad hopes to increase its rate of eco-charcoal production to provide a fuel alternative however the reality is that many people are forced to use wood and coal charcoal. Thankfully, the new stoves will reduce the rate of wood and charcoal consumption.
We want to express our gratitude for the continued support from Mennonite Central Committee and also your prayers. This support has enabled more than 1,300 cook-stoves to bring a positive change to the centre of many families.